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LCDB v4.1 - Land Cover Database version 4.1, Mainland New Zealand

  • Added 03 Jul 2015
  • Updated 29 Nov 2018

The New Zealand Land Cover Database (LCDB) is a multi-temporal, thematic classification of New Zealand's land cover. It contains 33 mainland classes (35 including the offshore Chatham Islands). The classification has evolved from version to version but backward compatibility has been maintained. Geographic features are described by a polygon boundary, a land cover code, and a land cover name at each of four nominal time steps; summer 1996/97, summer 2001/02, summer 2008/09, and summer 2012/13. The data set is designed to complement in theme, scale and accuracy, Land Information New Zealand’s 1:50,000 topographic database. LCDB is suitable for use in national and regional state-of-environment monitoring, forest and shrubland inventory, biodiversity assessment, trend analysis and infrastructure planning. The classification used in LCDB v4.1 is presented in the document 'LCDBClassesAtVersion4.1.pdf' and a table correlating LCDB classes over all four LCDB versions is presented in the document 'LCDBClassCorrelations.pdf'. Both of these documents are available as an attachment to this dataset in the LRIS portal ( and on the LCDB project site ( LCDB v4.1 was released in July 2015 and includes corrections to all time steps 1996/97, 2001/02, 2008/09 and 2012/13. A description of work undertaken for this release (including that in all earlier releases) is presented in the Lineage section. Of particular note at 4.1 is the re-mapping of Chatham Islands - first mapped at version 2, but then not continued through versions 3.0, 3.3, and 4.0 because of resource constraints. “EditAuthority” and "EditDate" are attributes, maintained since version 3.0 to indicate authorship and nominal date of polygon mapping, edit or change. The data is referenced to the New Zealand Transverse Mercator 2000 projection (NZTM2000) which uses the NZ Geodetic Datum 2000 (NZGD2000). Errors in the data due to misclassification (not changes since mapping) or poor delineation can be reported to Landcare Research for inclusion in the next release using the online feedback mechanisms in


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1. SPOT5 Ortho Final Report (26 July 2009) 3.09 MB pdf
2. Illustrated Classes LCDB2 14.1 MB pdf
3. LCDB v4.1 Legend 22.0 KB lyr
4. LCDB Classes At Version4.1 199 KB pdf
5. LCDB Class Correlations 221 KB pdf
6. LCDB v4.1a cover class change summary 1996 2001 238 KB xlsx
7. LCDB v4.1a cover class change summary 2001 2008 249 KB xlsx
8. LCDB v4.1a cover class change summary 2008 2012 236 KB xlsx


TagsMangrove, High producing exotic grassland, Urban parkland/open space, Environment, Downloadable Data, Forest, agriculture, Depleted grassland, Alpine Grass/Herbfield, River, Herbaceous freshwater vegetation, 1996/97, Permanent snow and ice, Vegetation, 2012, Built-up Area (settlement), Deciduous hardwoods, 2001/02, Gorse and/or broom, Matagouri or grey scrub, Forest - harvested, Low Producing Grassland, Herbaceous saline vegetation, Indigenous forest, 2008/09, Broadleaved indigenous hardwoods, Exotic forest, Lake or pond, New Zealand, Landslide, Mixed exotic shrubland, Orchard Vineyard & Other Perennial Crops, Sub alpine shrubland, Short-rotation Cropland, Peat Shrubland, 1996, Land Cover, Manuka and/or Kanuka, Flaxland, Estuarine open water, Transport infrastructure, Gravel and rock, Surface mines and dumps, 2001, Wetland, 2012/13, Tall tussock grassland, Fernland, Sand and gravel, 2008, Dune Shrubland, land use
RegionsNew Zealand
MetadataISO 19115/19139, Dublin Core

Technical Details

Layer ID 48423
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 497833
Attributes WET_CONTEX, Onshore, EditDate, LCDB_UID, EditAuthor, Class_1996, Class_2001, Class_2008, Class_2012, Name_1996, Name_2001, Name_2008, Name_2012
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), Atom Feed


Added3 Jul 2015
Last updated16 Jul 2015
Revisions 23 - Browse all revisions
Current revision Imported on July 16, 2015 in NZGD2000 / New Zealand Transverse Mercator 2000. 743 geometries modified to be OGC compliant. Changelog.
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