An artificial reef is a human-made underwater structure, typically built to promote marine life in areas with a generally featureless bottom, control erosion, block ship passage, or improve surfing.
Many reefs are built using objects that were built for other purposes, for example by sinking oil rigs (through the Rigs-to-Reefs program), scuttling ships, or by deploying rubble or construction debris. Other artificial reefs are purpose built (e.g. the reef balls) from PVC or concrete. Shipwrecks may become artificial reefs when preserved on the sea floor. Regardless of construction method, artificial reefs generally provide hard surfaces where algae and invertebrates such as barnacles, corals, and oysters attach; the accumulation of attached marine life in turn provides intricate structure and food for assemblages of fish.
This is NOT a complete collection of artificial reefs on the seafloor, nor are the locations to be considered exact. The presence and location of the artificial reefs have been derived from multiple state websites. These data are intended for coastal and ocean planning.
This layer is a component of Physical Oceanographic and Marine Habitat.
MarineCadastre.gov themed service for public consumption featuring layers related to the Physical and Oceanographic and Marine Habitat themes.
This map service presents spatial information about MarineCadastre.gov services across the United States and Territories in the Web Mercator projection. The service was developed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), but may contain data and information from a variety of data sources, including non-NOAA data. NOAA provides the information “as-is” and shall incur no responsibility or liability as to the completeness or accuracy of this information. NOAA assumes no responsibility arising from the use of this information. The NOAA Office for Coastal Management will make every effort to provide continual access to this service but it may need to be taken down during routine IT maintenance or in case of an emergency. If you plan to ingest this service into your own application and would like to be informed about planned and unplanned service outages or changes to existing services, please register for our Data Services Newsletter (coast.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/publications/subscribe). For additional information, please contact the NOAA Office for Coastal Management (firstname.lastname@example.org).
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|Regions||Puerto Rico, California, Hawaii, Bahamas|
|Data type||Vector point|
|Attributes||Description, area, Reef_Name, Depth, Comments, Species, y, State, Reef_ID, Date, x, Clearance, Composition, Relief|
|Services||Vector Query API|
|Added||13 Sep 2016 ago|
|Last checked||1 Sep 2018 ago|